Folk Dance of Gujarat


Named for the garba deep or votive lamp, featured in this dance, the Garba is hugely popular in Gujarat. Garbo is a singular form of the name Garba. It is performed in honor of the Mother Divine, the goddess Kali or Durga, revered in Gujarat as Amba Mata or Mataji. The lamp symbolizes her energy, and the dancers move around it in a circle to invoke her blessings. In variations of this format, dancers may carry earthen pots on their heads with lights in them, or carry small lamps in their hands. Sometimes the pots are placed inside a small wooden frame called a mandavdi, and decorated with flowers or colored cloth, which is then carried on the dancer’s head. read more



While there are different kinds of Raas, like the Tal Raas involving clapping, and the Dandiya Raas with sticks, the Raas of Gujarat generally refers to Dandiya Raas. The distinguishing feature of the Raas is the short sticks carried by the dancers, which they strike in rhythm. Raas is danced by men and women, sometimes together. A variant of this dance, the Rasdo, is danced exclusively by men. The Raas is mentioned in several ancient texts and is associated with Krishna and the gopis (cowgirls).
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A vocational dance performed by women laborers of particular communities, the Tippani gets its name from the mallets or tampers, called tippanis, they use to pound the ground. The women are employed to prepare the floors of houses, and beat the clay or concrete flat with the mallets. They do this work in the form of a dance, and sing in accompaniment. The tippani consists of a wooden block with a long wooden handle. Sometimes small bells, or ghungroos, are tied to the handle.
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Ghado means pot, and this vocational dance is done by women carrying metal pots used for holding water. The pots are carried on the head or the hip, and during the dance, they are also tossed between the women. The women also make rhythmic sounds by tapping the pots with their fingers – their rings make the sound. The dance moves in a circle, accompanied by songs about daily life. Similar dances exist throughout India, with regional variations in style. An examples is the Panihari of Rajasthan.
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The Hudo originates from Tarnetar, a small village in Central Gujarat that hosts an annual fair attended by about 100,000 people, the Triniteshwar Mahadev Mela. Legend has it that this is location where the great archer Arjuna won the hand of Draupadi in marriage. He shot an arrow through the eye of a fish, which was rotating on a wheel atop a pole, by looking at its reflection in the water below. The Tarnetar Mela coincides with a festival commemorating the wedding of Arjuna and Draupadi at the Triniteshwar Mahadev temple. Besides this legend, the temple also has religious significance as a sacred site.
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The rathva or Rathva, gets its name from the community of rathva ,they originally from the panchamahal , a small village of  Gujarat. This dance is performed by men and women with various movements, stunts, with a different colored handkerchief. The dancers applies white clay on their body with the bamboo stick. They wear  short “dhoti”(pant) and they tied cowbells on their weast as a belt , they wear small or long feather of peacock on their head. The dance moves in  a circul usually but in the dance they makes different designs with the stunts and the pyramids.
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The mevasi or mevasi gets its name from the community of mevasi or vanzara, these community does not live at one fix place but they are moving hear and where for them small business, its call vanzara. The mevasi is performed by men and women together. The dance moves in different form and stunts.
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Ghoomar (Folkdance of Rajasthan)

The Ghoomar, or Ghumar, derives its name from the word ghoomna, meaning to spin. This is a dance performed by women, with simple but smooth movements, notably of the hips. Their voluminous decorated skirts swirl during their pirouettes, creating a graceful and glittering effect. The dance moves in a circular form, and goes both clockwise and anticlockwise.
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Bhangara (Folkdance of Punjab)

Bhangra is the most widespread of Indian folk dances worldwide, and has influenced popular music and dance, including Bollywood styles, more than any other folk dance. In turn, Bhangra has been influenced by fusion with genres like hip-hop. It was originally performed only by men, but these days women perform it too. In the traditional sense, Bhangra is a folk dance for harvest festivals, with movements that mimic the activities of farmers.
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Also Beda Garbo, Dangi nritya, Dharampur, Prachin and Arvachin Garbo are famous dances of Gujarat.